Trends, Studies and Research Page 2

This page contains topics beginning with D - K


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D

Digital Learning Disciplinary Exclusion or Suspension Drugs

E

Early Learning and Development  | Education Funding  | Education Reform | Electroninc Grading  | ELL  | Evaluation  |

H

Higher Education

K

K-12 Learning  |

 

D

 

DIGITAL LEARNING

 

Teacher Attitudes Towards Digital Games in the Classroom

An increasing number of teachers are turning to digital games to enhance their classroom learning environment. Teacher report interactive digital activities such as games increased students’ motivation and engagement with the curriculum and made it easier to personalize instruction, teach a range of learners effectively, collect meaningful data, and better assess students’ knowledge.

 

Online K-12 Schooling in the U.S.: Uncertain Private Ventures in Need of Public Regulation

Cash-strapped states and school districts are using online education — including full-time virtual schools with no face-to-face contact between students and teachers — as a lower-cost alternative to traditional public schools. In states such as Florida, virtual schools are used as a loophole in laws that limit the size of classes. According to the report, authored by University of Colorado education professors Gene V Glass and Kevin G. Welner, full-time "cyber schools" are now operating in 27 states. In at least one case in Arizona, a private firm outsourced essay grading to low-paid workers in India. Cyber schools are subject to only minimal government oversight, according to the study.  

DISCIPLINARY EXCLUSION OR SUSPENSION

 

Opportunities Suspended: The Disparate Impact of Disciplinary Exclusion from School

In August 2012, the Southern Poverty Law Center fileD complaints against five north Florida school districts, claiming a disporportionate number of black students are far more likely than white and Hispanic students to get suspended or expelled from school, often for minor offenses such as tardiness or talking in class. Finding from a national study confirms, both compelling and disturbing facts on out-of-school suspensions. The study, "Opportunities Suspended: The Disparate Impact of Disciplinary Exclusion from School" by The Civil Rights Project (CRP), found 17 percent of African-American students and 13 percent of all students with disabilities have been suspended. Children as young as 8 have faced long-term suspensions for seemingly minor infractions.

DRUGS

 

National Survey of American Attitudes on Substance Abuse XVII: Teens 

A national survey highlights the growing accessibility of drugs to high school teens. The annual survey, titled “National Survey of American Attitudes on Substance Abuse XVII: Teens,” produced by the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University, found nearly nine out of 10 high school students, 86 percent of those surveyed, say that some classmates drink, use drugs and smoke during the school day. Fifty-two percent of those surveyed stated, there is a place on school grounds or near the school where students go to drink, use drugs or smoke during the school day. Thirty-six percent of those surveyed say it is very easy or fairly easy for students to drink, use drugs or smoke during the school day without getting caught. Forty-four percent of those surveyed state they know a student who sells drugs at their school.

 

Education at a Glance 2012

The United States lags behind most of the world’s leading economies, 8th out of 38, when it comes to providing early-childhood education opportunities to young children, according to a new study by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. The report compares pre-school education in countries such as France, the Netherlands, Spain, and Mexico, which lead the world in early-childhood participation rates for 4-year-olds, to Ireland, Poland, Finland, and Brazil which are among the nations that trail the United States. Read the report

E
EARLY LEARNING AND DEVELOPMENT
Right from the Start: Transition Strategies for Developing a Strong PreK-3 Continuum

Many studies over the years have documented the need for smoother transitions from prekindergarten to the elementary level. This report reinforces that conclusion—and does it in a manner that puts frontline voices at the heart of the dialogue.

Preservice Teachers’ Emotion-Related Regulation and Cognition: Associations With Teachers’ Responses to Children's Emotions in Early Childhood Classrooms

This University of Illinois study found some teachers may not always be well-equipped to respond effectively to students' emotional outbursts. It suggests those teachers may need additional training or professional development in "emotion-related regulation and cognition."

EDUCATION FUNDING
Moving On Up: How Tuition Tax Breaks
Increasingly Favor the Upper-Middle Class

The government spent $70 billion on tax breaks aimed at subsidizing higher education for families in the past decade, and about 13 percent of that went to families making more than $100,000 a year. This report calls for the end of education tax credits to save Pell Grants.

 

EDUCATION REFORM
Florida Voters Oppose School Reforms By Big Margins, Quinnipiac University Poll Finds

When it comes to Florida education reforms, voters hate everything. From higher tuition for arts degrees to race-based standards, a new poll suggests Florida voters are adamantly opposed to a series of education reforms floated by Governor Scott and state education policymakers, with the largest opposition, 71 - 7 percent, against a plan to set different achievement goals for students of different races, according to a December 2012 Quinnipiac University poll. 

ELECTRONIC GRADING
Contrasting Essay Scoring

Can A Computer Grade Essays As Well As A Human? Research suggests Yes. The study, conducted at the University of Akron, ran more than 16,000 essays from both middle school and high school tests through automated systems developed by nine companies. The essays, from six different states, had originally been graded by humans.

ELL
Preparing All Teachers to Meet the Needs of English Language Learners

This study from the Center for American Progress suggests that general-education teachers should be trained in oral language development, students' culture and in helping English-learners develop an academic vocabulary. Currently, some states -- Arizona, California, Florida, Pennsylvania and New York -- require ELL training as part of teacher certification.

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EVALUATION

 

Research based Options for Education Policymaking - Teacher Evaluations

Student test scores are not a good measure for teacher evaluations according to National Education Policy Center research. The study emphasizes the benefits of systems that rely less on test scores and more on peer review and other measures.

H
HIGHER EDUCATION

Higher Ed Membership on Rise

Organized faculty in the United States has grown by about 50,000, a 14 percent increase since 2006. Of the unionized workforce in the country, this might be one of the only areas where we are seeing strong growth. One reason for the growth, in part, could be an unintended consequence of challenges against collective bargaining in states such as Wisconsin and Ohio, said Richard Boris, director of the collective bargaining center.
K
K-12 LEARNING
Learn Now, Lecture Later

Are high school and college students spending too much time listening to lecture, rather than gaining a full understanding of the knowledge they need?
A new report, Learn Now, Lecture Later, looks at the different learning methods and how technology is supporting the move to these new learning models. The report also examines the challenges that high schools and colleges must overcome to make a successful transition.

Reading and Recess

The study examines the potential link between time spent at recess and reading achievement.

Alone in the Classroom

Classroom teachers spend most of their time distanced from their colleagues. Instead of forcing them to compete with each other, we should help them find new ways to work together.

 

Housing Costs, Zoning, and Access to High-Scoring Schools

Research on the impact of zoning on school performance.

Also read: Why Regions Fail: Zoning as an Extractive Institution

Retrieval-Based Learning:
Active Retrieval Promotes Meaningful Learning

Could most students benefit from altering their study habits?
According to a study by Current Directions in Psychological Science, which used various study strategies, the more times students read the material, the more they thought they'd remember in the long term.research suggests students benefit from retrieval-based learning  produces meaningful, long-term knowledge. Yet retrieval practice is not a tool many students use.

 

 

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